Beaurline, Arthur W., and Edward E. Hollingworth. Camera. US Patent 2933027, filed October 5, 1951.

Bierhorst, Frederick Eugene. Camera with darkroom-loaded film roll. US Patent 2506484, filed August 7, 1947.

Moxon, Harold P. Film-packed camera. US Patent 1245760, filed March 31, 1913.

Whittell, Alexander Pope. Photographic apparatus. US Patent 360499, filed March 13, 1886.

Newspaper and Magazine Articles

About 880 Billion Photographs Will Be Taken in 2014.” Business Insider. 24 December 2013.

Armon, David. “Kodak to sell Fling disposable camera.” United Press International. 19 February 1987.

“Beach Day.” Popular Photography. July 1990.

Callahan, John S. “Disposable cameras are refreshing return to basics.”  The Associated Press. 29 January 1993.

Chakravarty, Subrata N. “Kodak Disposable Sales Fall for First Time.” The Orlando Sentinel. 5 June 2004.

Cheaney, Melissa. Letter to the editor. Popular Photography. August 1990.

Disposable Camera Plans.” The New York Times. 20 February 1987.

“Disposable Camera Rumored.” The Globe and Mail. 14 February 1987.

Dobbin, Ben. “How Much Longer Can Photographic Film Hold On?.” The Associated Press. 4 June 2011.

Dudajek, Dave. “Disposable cameras! What’s next?” The Observer Dispatch. 3 March 1987.

“Fun with camera and lens.” Berkeley Daily Gazette. 29 November 1951.

Grundberg, Andy. “This Newcomer is Disposable.” The New York Times. 20 March 1988. .

Hafner, Katie. “Film Drop-Off Sites Fade Against Digital Cameras.” The New York Times. 9 October 2007.

Hammer, Miriam. “Revitalizing disposable cameras.” Concordiensis. 10 May 2012.

Hollie, Pamela G. “Olympic Campaign for Fuji.” The New York Times. 17 May 1984.

Kodak, Fuji to Introduce Throw-Away Cameras.” The Associated Press. 19 Feburary 1987.

“Kodak and Fuji Plan to Sell Rival Disposable Cameras.” United Press International. 20 February 1987.

“Kodak’s long and fast Fun Saver.” Popular Photography. April 1992.

Lachman, Robert. “Throwaway Cameras Make Keepsake Photos.” Los Angeles Times. 28 November 1987.

LaPelusa, Bri. “Geek Out: Disposable Cameras.” The Daily Iowan. 19 October 2009.

“Mail Box Camera.” Mechanix Illustrated. September 1949.

McNamara, Michael J. “Traveler’s Camera.” Popular Photography. February 1992.

Needleman, Rafe. “What the heck is a ‘disposable’ iPhone camera?.” CNET. 21 December 2011.

“New throwaway cameras a snap.” Sydney Morning Herald. 26 January 1986.

Ney, Michael. Letter to the editor. Popular Mechanics. July 1971.

Picht, Randolph. “Cameras rolling.” The Associated Press. 25 January 1988.

–. “Kodak introduces two disposable cameras, new film.” The Associated Press. 18 April 1989.

“Snap It, Scrap It.” Time. 2 May 1987.

“Throwaways are convenient, but increasingly costly.” Utica Daily Press. 6 September 1985.

“We live in an age of throwaways.” Observer-Dispatch. 1 March 1987.


The Ready Fotografer. The Ready Fotografer Company. San Francisco: H.S. Crocker, 1886.

Secondary Sources

Edwards, Elizabeth. The Photographer as Historian: Amateur Photographers and Historical Imagination, 1885-1918. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2012.

Gavetti, Giovanni, Rebecca Henderson, and Simona Giorgi. “Kodak (A).” Harvard Business School Case 9-703-503. Boston: Harvard Business School Publishing, 2004.

Goldstein, Lisa. “The Strategic Management of Environmental Issues. A Case Study of Kodak’s Single-Use Cameras.” MA thesis. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994.

Lothrop, Eaton S., Jr. “Throwaway Cameras.” Popular Photography. December 1988: 54-6, 134.

Munz, Beatrice C. “Cost Analysis of Product Recovery Process in Single-Use Camera Life Cycle.” MA thesis. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1994.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s