Primary Sources — Joseph Downs of Collection of Manuscripts and Printed Ephemera, Winterthur Museum, Garden & Library.

Alabastine Home Color Book. Grand Rapids, MI: The Company, 1928.

Barnes, George F. Outline Pictures for Little Paint Brushes. D. Lothrop & Company, 1881.

Cox, Palmer and Mary C. Judd. Brownie Primer. New York: The Century Co., 1923.

The Dutch Boy’s Hobby: A Paint Book for Girls & Boys. O. C. Harn & the National Lead Company, 1926.

The Egg-O-See Company’s Drawing Book. Chicago: The Company, 1906.

Hildegard. The Party and Painting Book for Children. The Junket Folks, 1928.

Hood’s Sarsaparilla Painting Book. Lowell, MA: The Art Department of C.I. Hood Company, 1894.

Once Upon a Time Painting Book. Boston: De Wolfe, Fiske & Co., 1890s.

Rintoul, A.N. A Guide to Painting Photographic Portraits, Draperies, Backgrounds, &c., in Water Colors, with Concise Instructions for Tinting Paper, Glass, and Daguerreotype Pictures, and for Painting Photographs in Oil Colours and Chromo-Photography. London: J. Barnard & Sons, 8th edition.

S.W. Tilton & Company. Tilton’s Outline Design Cards, for Studies and Decorative Purposes with Directions for Coloring. Boston, 1880.

Wetherbee, F.I. Home Painting Gallery: Painting and Sketching Book. M.A. Chicago: Donohue & Co., 1908.

Secondary Sources


Cianciolo, Patricia. Illustrations in Children’s Books. Dubuque, IO: Wm. C. Brown Company Publishers, 1970.

Efland, Arthur D. Art and Cognition: Integrating the Visual Arts in the Curriculum. New York and London: Teachers College Press, 2002.

Kaestle, Carl F. and Janice A. Radway. A History of the Book in America, Vol. 4. Chapel Hill, NC: University of North Carolina Press, 2009.

King, Arthur and A. F. Stuart. The House of Warne: One Hundred Years of Publishing. London and New York: Frederick Warne & Co., Ltd.: 1965.

Lindenmeyer, Kriste. The Greatest Generation Grows Up: American Childhood in the 1930s. Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 2005.

Patterson, Cynthia Lee. Art for the Middle Classes: America’s Illustrated Magazines of the 1840s. Jackson, MS: University Press of Mississippi, 2010.

Robinson, Frank M. and Lawrence Davidson. Pulp Culture: The Art of Fiction Magazines. Portland, Oregon: Collectors Press, 2001.

Rhoades, Shirrel. A Complete History of American Comic Books. New York: Peter Lang, 2008.


Angileri, Kelly. “Choose-Your-Own-Readers-Response-Adventure: Decoding Children’s Literature and Coloring Books” in Studies in Popular Culture vol 17 no 1 (Oct 1994), p 65 – 74, accessed 9/16/15.

Barnhill, George B. “Business Practices of Commercial Nineteenth-Century American Lithographers” in Winterthur Portfolio in vol. 48 no. 2/3 (Summer/Autumn 2014), 213 – 232.

Crowley, Edward. Tradition, Creation, and Coloring Books in “Art Education” Vol 9 no 2, Feb 1956 p 6 + 15 (Accessed 9/16/2015).

DeVan, Kathryn. Crayola Colors Children’s Memories in 64 Shades and More from the PA Center for the Book ( etcetc), Fall 2008. Accessed 9/26/2015.

King, Irvin. “In Search of Lowenfeld’s Proof That Coloring Books are Harmful to Children” in Studies in Art Education vol 33 no 1 (fall 1991), p 36 -42, accessed 9/16/2015.

McCabe, Janice etal. “Gender in Twentieth-Century Children’s Books: Patterns of Disparity in Titles and Central Characters” in Gender and Society vol 25 no 2 (April 2011), 197-226.

Moniques, Richard. Engaging ‘Looking-glass’ Youth in Art through the Visual Naratives of the Transforming Self in Popular Culture in Visual Arts Research vol 33 no 2, (2007), 24 – 37 (accessed 9/16/2015).

Ogata, Amy F. “Creative Playthings: Educational Toys and Postwar American Culture” in Winterthur Portfolio vol. 39 no. 2/3 (summer/autumn 2004), p. 129 – 156.

Piola, Erika. “The Rise of Early American Lithography and Antebellum Visual Culture” in Winterthur Portfolio vol. 48 no. 2/3 (Summer/Autumnn 2014), p. 125 – 138.

Py-Lieberman, Beth. The Colors of Childhood in Smithsonian Magazine, November 1999, accessed September 26, 2015.

Rainey, Sue. “Mary Hallock Foote: A Leading Illustrator of the 1870s and 1880s” in Winterthur Portflio vol. 41 no   2/3 (summer/autumn 2007), 97 – 140.

Strauch-Nelson, Wendy. “Drawing Amish” in Art Education vol 52 no 1, Jan 1999, p 13 – 18,  accessed 9/16/2015.

Websites – Crayola

Winsor & Newton Art Supplies – Winsor & Newton Art Supplies

Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History – Metropolitan Museum of Art

120 Years of Literacy – National Center for Adult Statistics